The agricultural sector is guided by the National Agricultural Policy which undergoes periodic reviews to ensure its relevance to prevailing climatic, social and economic conditions of the country. In addition, the sector has a number of pieces of legislation some of which are outdated. A process has been initiated in the recent past to repeal, review, amend and enact new legislation aimed at providing a legal framework that will maximize sector development and growth.
The following policy statements were arrived at by consensus of all the key stakeholder categories in the sector and are contained in both the SNDP as well as the Zambia CAADP Compact of January 2011. Consequently, these policies will be the basis for the implementation of NAIP.
Table 25 Key NAIP Policies
Zambia CAADP Compact Programmes
CAADP Compact Policy Statements
|Natural Resources Management|
|Agricultural Production and Productivity Improvement|
|Market Access and Services Development|
|Food and Nutrition Security and Disaster Risk Management|
|Key Support Services (Knowledge Support Systems)|
|Key Support Services (Institutional Strengthening)|
It has been realized by Government, the private sector as well as the Cooperating Partners that the existing policies and pieces of legislation are not adequate to create the enabling environment necessary for the private sector to drive the growth envisaged in the sector. Therefore, they will need to review existing policies and legislation, so as to align them to the current social and economic environment, and where possible develop new ones to ensure that the policy and legal framework is conducive for the attainment of the desired growth and reduction in poverty levels.
The National Agricultural Policy is already under review. The other ones which are critical which will need immediate attention are the following: the development of an Agricultural Marketing Act that will regulate market players in agricultural marketing; the review of the Agricultural Credit Act to provide for use of warehousing receipt system as collateral in obtaining loans; legislations regarding animal health, livestock development, dairy development, animal identification and traceability and veterinary and para-veterinary professional which are necessary to guide the sector on the control and prevention of livestock diseases as well as regulate dairy and livestock production; and the Fisheries Policy and Fisheries Act.