Introduction to Artificial Insemination
Method of breeding whereby the physical contact between the male and female is eliminated and instead collect, process and store the semen from proven males, which is introduced transcervically into female reproductive system at oestrus to bring about conception.
History of A.I
The knowledge about the role of semen in relation to fertilization and childbirth is probably as old as mankind.
In 1780 an Italian called Spallanzania performed the first scientific experiment in Artificial Insemination. He inseminated a bitch with semen from a collection taken from a male dog. The bitch delivered three puppies 62 days later.
In 1677, Leewenhoeck, a Dutchman, using a primitive microscope invented by himself, observed spermatozoa in human semen. A picture suggesting a fully differentiated miniature person contained in the head of the sperm cell.
Introduction of A.I in Zambia
The first Co-operative Artificial Insemination Breeding Society Comprising 220 members were started in Demark in 1936. By 1952 more than 50% of all cows in Demark were bred artificially.
Inseminator’s type of service on motor cycles visiting individual Farmers with and in return paid a normal fee for each services.
Organization of A.I activities
Prerequisites of A.I
- Heat detection
Advantages of A.I
- Wider usage of a proven sire
Disadvantages of A.I
- Poorly trained inseminators can cause low conception rates
Practical lessons for A.I
- Instructions on A.I by NAIS
A.I Practical at the abattoir
Participant learning A.I
Massage from NAIS Mazabuka
- You are NOT attending a seminar or workshop BUT
- A course In Bovine Artificial Insemination
Dpt ATIs - AI Mazabuka tai-mazabuka-trainng-pic1.jpg tai-mazabuka-trainng-pic2.jpg tai-mazabuka-trainng-pic3.jpg tai-mazabuka-trainng-pic4.jpg
Dpt ATIs - AI Mazabuka